Hi Jamie, thanks for your in depth reply. I’m glad to hear/see that you care about educating people how to become science literate. To tie this back to the topic at hand, given your response what do you interpret to be the casual effects of fasting? Are there any? Also I understand that correlation does not equal causation but does this mean that we disregard all correlative relationships as being unsubstantial to causation and therefore not relevant when we consider what is best for our health? Ultimately I care about giving people actionable advice that they can use to improve their lives.